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Showing the details of the shells used(where known)

7.92mm MG42
History

In 1943 as Germany started to run short of raw materials, a new machine gun design was created, based on the MG34 but designed for simple manufacture and less raw materials. It became the German Army main machine gun, and again had the bipod, the Anti Aircraft and tripod for heavy machine gun use. It was simpler and more reliable than the MG34 especially in conditions on the Eastern Front. It had a very high rate of fire 1200rpm. Percentage of bullet types used during the war were SmK(8%) SmK(H)(1.5%)

Manufactured1942 - 1945
Calibre7.92mm
Rate of Fire1200rpm
 
Name/Id Calibre Weight MVelocity Quoted Penetration
 
S.m.K 7.92mm 0.012Kg 785M/Sec 8mm@100m/30°
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.17 0.39 1.16
Penetration(mm@0°) 12 10 7
Hit Probability(%) 98 98 96

S.m.K.H tungsten cored 7.92mm 0.013Kg 910M/Sec 13mm@100m/30°
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.13 0.32 1.01
Penetration(mm@0°) 17 14 8
Hit Probability(%) 98 98 98

Hit probability is based on a static 2 x 2.4 metre panel at 0 degrees(vertical) at the range specified.

The data that has been used to create these records has come from Wikipedia, The Lone Sentry, The Bundes Archive and numerous books and websites that have provided the detailed information that has not been available anywhere else. The information we use to calculate the penetration tables, flight times and the hit probability comes from the Gun Calibre, the Shell Mass(Kg) and the muzzle velocity, plus range reductions to allow for gravity and wind resistance. This calculation originally came from a pre-war Krupp calculation which has been modified, and seems to fit the actual test results.

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