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SdKfz 231 (8 rad)

General Details
Specifications
Manufacture Date(s)1936 - 1943
Quantity Produced507
Weightunknown
Crew4
M.G's small1
M.G's large(>10mm)0
Length5.85 mtr
Width2.20 mtr
Height2.35 mtr
Engine Details/Performance
Max Road Speed53 mph
Max Cross Country Speed19 mph
Range Road188 miles
Range Cross Country0 miles
Fuel TypePetrol
Fuel Capacity0 gal
Horse Power150 hp
Power/Weightunknown
General Information
After experience with the 6 wheeled heavy armoured cars, Germany started the development of the 8 wheeled vehicles in the early 1930s. These vehicles had all wheel drive and steering making them more effective cross country.

The vehicle was armed with a 2.0cm Kwk 38 L/55 gun in a rotating turret.

Armour Details
Turret
Front15mm@20°(16mm)
Side8mm@30°(9mm)
Rear8mm@30°(9mm)
Top6mm@85°(6 mm)
Superstructure
Front15mm@28°(17mm)
Side8mm@35°(10mm)
Rear8mm@35°(10mm)
Top6mm@87°(6 mm)
Hull
Front18mm@35°(22mm)
Side8mm@35°(10mm)
Rear10mm@25°(11mm)
Top5mm@90°(5 mm)
Armour (x)mm @ (y)° (Effective mm @ 0°)
Effective Armour - Maximum 22 mm - Minimum 5 mm


Weapon Details
2.0cm Kwk 38 L/55
History

Improved version of the 2.0cm KwK 30 L/55 used on the Panzer II Ausf J and onward

Manufactured1940 - 1945
Calibre20mm
LengthL/55
Rate of Fire220rpm
 
Ammunition Details
Name/Id Calibre Weight MVelocity Quoted Penetration
 
2.0cm PzGr 39(AP) 20mm 0.12Kg   899M/Sec 23mm@100m/30°
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.12 0.25 0.56 1.5 3.35 9.14
Penetration(mm) 28 27 23 17 11 5
Hit Probability(%) 98 98 98 88 25 1
 
2.0cm PzGr 40(APCR) 20mm 0.115Kg   1060M/Sec 40mm@100m/30°
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.1 0.21 0.47 1.26 2.88 7.67
Penetration(mm) 32 30 27 20 13 6
Hit Probability(%) 98 98 98 93 34 2
 
2 cm Sprgr. 39(HE) 20mm 0.132Kg   995M/Sec
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.11 0.22 0.5 1.35 3.05 8.12
Penetration(mm) 34 32 29 21 14 7
Hit Probability(%) 98 98 98 90 25 2

Hit probability is based on a static 2 x 2.4 metre panel at 0 degrees(vertical) at the range specified.

The data that has been used to create these records has come from Wikipedia, The Lone Sentry, The Bundes Archive and numerous books and websites that have provided the detailed information that has not been available anywhere else. The information we use to calculate the penetration tables, flight times and the hit probability comes from the Gun Calibre, the Shell Mass(Kg) and the muzzle velocity, plus range reductions to allow for gravity and wind resistance. This calculation originally came from a pre-war Krupp calculation which has been modified, and seems to fit the actual test results.

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