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Cruiser Mk VIII (Centaur III)

General Details
Specifications
Manufacture Date(s)1943
Quantity Produced0
Weightunknown
Crew5
M.G's small1
M.G's large(>10mm)0
Length6.40 mtr
Width2.92 mtr
Height2.49 mtr
Engine Details/Performance
Max Road Speed27 mph
Max Cross Country Speed14 mph
Range Road165 miles
Range Cross Country0 miles
Fuel TypeUnknown
Fuel Capacity0 gal
Horse Power395 hp
Power/Weightunknown
General Information
The Centaur tank was designed as a heavy cruiser tank that could rapidly move and provide good A/T performance, in appearance it looked like the Cavalier.

The vehicle was designed for the Rolls Royce Meteor engine producing 600hp, but until this became available in the Cromwell the Centaur had a Liberty engine of 395hp driving the tracks, towards the main front idler over the 5 large road wheels, round the idler and back under the roadwheels in the standard Christie style.

The Centaur III was armed with the 75mm gun and many were converted to Cromwells with the upgrade to the Meteor engine.

Armour Details
Turret
Front76mm@0°(76mm)
Side63mm@0°(63mm)
Rear57mm@0°(57mm)
Top20mm@81°(20 mm)
Superstructure
Front63mm@0°(63mm)
Side32mm@0°(32mm)
Rear32mm@0°(32mm)
Top20mm@90°(20 mm)
Hull
Front57mm@0°(57mm)
Side32mm@0°(32mm)
Rear32mm@0°(32mm)
Top20mm@90°(20 mm)
Armour (x)mm @ (y)° (Effective mm @ 0°)
Effective Armour - Maximum 76 mm - Minimum 20 mm


Weapon Details
Ordnance Q.F. 75mm
History

This was a temporary fix to the problem of 6pdr guns not having a powerful enough HE shell. It was created by boring out the British 57mm 6pdr to take the American 75mm AP/HE shells, which reduced the Anti Tank performance but provided HE support.

Manufactured1943 - 1945
Calibre75mm
LengthL/32
 
Ammunition Details
Name/Id Calibre Weight MVelocity Quoted Penetration
 
AP(AP) 75mm 6.58Kg   618M/Sec
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.16 0.33 0.68 1.45 2.31 3.29 4.41 5.71
Penetration(mm) 79 78 76 71 67 63 59 54
Hit Probability(%) 98 98 98 88 54 25 15 3

Hit probability is based on a static 2 x 2.4 metre panel at 0 degrees(vertical) at the range specified.

The data that has been used to create these records has come from Wikipedia, The Lone Sentry, The Bundes Archive and numerous books and websites that have provided the detailed information that has not been available anywhere else. The information we use to calculate the penetration tables, flight times and the hit probability comes from the Gun Calibre, the Shell Mass(Kg) and the muzzle velocity, plus range reductions to allow for gravity and wind resistance. This calculation originally came from a pre-war Krupp calculation which has been modified, and seems to fit the actual test results.

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