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Germany - 7.92mm MG 42
7.92mm Maschinengewehr 42
(translates as Machine Gun)

Showing the details of the shells used(where known)
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Weapon Details
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7.92mm MG 42
7.92mm Maschinengewehr 42
(translates as Machine Gun)
Blank
History
In 1943 as Germany started to run short of raw materials, a new machine gun design was created, based on the MG34 but designed for simple manufacture and less raw materials. It became the German Army main machine gun, and again had the bipod, the Anti Aircraft and tripod for heavy machine gun use. It was simpler and more reliable than the MG34 especially in conditions on the Eastern Front. It had a very high rate of fire 1200rpm.
Percentage of bullet types used during the war were SmK(8%) SmK(H)(1.5%)
ManufacturerMauser-Werke
Manufactured1942 - 1945
Calibre7.92mm
Rate of Fire1200 rpm
 
S.m.K(AP)
7.92mm 0.012Kg 785M/Sec
Quoted Penetration 8mm@100m/30°
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.2
Penetration(mm@30°) 5
Penetration(mm@0°) 6
Hit Probability(%) 98


 
S.m.K.H tungsten cored(AP)
7.92mm 0.013Kg 910M/Sec
Quoted Penetration 13mm@100m/30°
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.13
Penetration(mm@30°) 3
Penetration(mm@0°) 4
Hit Probability(%) 98

Vehicles in our database using this gun
Vehicle NameCommon Name
 SdKfz 234/1 
 SdKfz 234/2Puma 
 SdKfz 234/3 
 SdKfz 234/4 
 

Hit probability is based on a static 2 x 2.4 metre panel at 0 degrees(vertical) at the range specified.

The data that has been used to create these records has come from Wikipedia, The Lone Sentry, The Bundes Archive and numerous books and websites that have provided the detailed information that has not been available anywhere else. The information we use to calculate the penetration tables, flight times and the hit probability comes from the Gun Calibre, the Shell Mass(Kg) and the muzzle velocity, plus range reductions to allow for gravity and wind resistance. This calculation originally came from a pre-war Krupp calculation which has been modified, and seems to fit the actual test results.

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