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Britain
Cruiser Mk VIII (Centaur III)
Ordnance classification - A27L

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The Cruiser Mk VIII was designed in 1941, manufactured by Leyland based on the existing fully tracked A24 and was in use from 1943 to 1945.

Photo of Cruiser Mk VIII (Centaur III)
Cruiser Mk VIII(Centaur III) scale illustration

General Details
Specifications
Operational Date(s)1943 - 1945
Ordnance classificationA27L
Quantity Produced0
Weight27.5 tonne
Crew5
M.G's small1
M.G's large(>10mm)n/a
Length6.40 mtr
Width2.92 mtr
Height2.49 mtr
Engine Details/Performance
Max Road Speed27 mph
Max Cross Country Speed14 mph
Range Road165 miles
Range Cross Country66 miles
Fuel TypeUnknown
Fuel Capacityunknown
Horse Power395 hp
Power/Weight14 hp/tonne
General Information
The Cruiser Mk VIII was designed in 1941, manufactured by Leyland based on the existing fully tracked A24 and was in use from 1943 to 1945.

The vehicle was powered by Nuffield 'Liberty' powerplant producing 395 HP which could drive the vehicle on roads at up to 27 mph with a range of about 165 miles before refuelling. Its cross country performance was good providing a max speed of about 14 mph and a range of about 66 miles.

It was armed with 1 light machine gun , a BESA Machine Gun 7.92mm. Its main armament consisted of an Ordnance Q.F. 75mm which could penetrate 96 mm of flat plate at 400 metres

The Centaur was the Leyland version of the Cavalier and were mainly used for training or special purpose roles.

Armour Details
Turret
Front76mm@(76mm)
Side63mm@(63mm)
Rear57mm@(57mm)
Top20mm@81°(20mm)
Superstructure
Front63mm@(63mm)
Side32mm@(32mm)
Rear32mm@(32mm)
Top20mm@90°(20mm)
Hull
Front57mm@(57mm)
Side32mm@(32mm)
Rear32mm@(32mm)
Top20mm@90°(20mm)
Armour (x)mm @ (y)° (Effective mm @ 0°)
Effective Armour - Maximum 76 mm - Minimum 20 mm



Weapon Details
Flag
BESA Machine Gun 7.92mm Blank
photo of BESA Machine Gun 7.92mm from Wikipedia
History
Developed by BSA from the Czechoslovak ZB vz.53 heavy machine gun which used the German 7.92×57mm Mauser ammunition. It was mostly used as the main armament of the Light Tank Mk VIC and Armoured cars such as the Humber Mk I to Mk III.

This 7.92mm gun was used in the armoured divisions as their supply lines were separated from the infantry who used .303 bullets. Once the British started capturing German ammunition this could be immediately used in these tank machine guns.
Manufactured1939 - 1966
Calibre7.92mm
LengthL/93
Rate of Fire450 rpm
 
Ammunition Details
Name/Id Calibre Weight MVelocity Explosive Content
Cartridge SA, 7.92(AP)
7.92mm 0.012Kg 785M/Sec
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.15
Penetration(mm@30°) 2
Penetration(mm@0°) 3
Hit Probability(%) 98


Weapon Details
Flag
Ordnance Q.F. 75mm Blank
photo of Ordnance Q.F. 75mm from Wikipedia
History
This was a temporary fix to the problem of 6pdr guns not having a powerful enough HE shell. It was created by boring out the British 57mm 6pdr to take the American 75mm AP/HE shells, which reduced the Anti Tank performance but provided HE support.
Manufactured1943 - 1945
Calibre75mm
LengthL/32
 
Ammunition Details
Name/Id Calibre Weight MVelocity Explosive Content
AP(AP)
75mm 6.58Kg 618M/Sec
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.16 0.33 0.68 1.45 2.31 3.29 4.41 5.71
Penetration(mm@30°) 98 91 83 73 64 55 46 38
Penetration(mm@0°) 114 106 96 85 74 64 54 45
Hit Probability(%) 98 98 98 88 54 25 15 3

Hit probability is based on a static 2 x 2.4 metre panel at 0 degrees(vertical) at the range specified.

The data that has been used to create these records has come from Wikipedia, The Lone Sentry, The Bundes Archive and numerous books and websites that have provided the detailed information that has not been available anywhere else. The information we use to calculate the penetration tables, flight times and the hit probability comes from the Gun Calibre, the Shell Mass(Kg) and the muzzle velocity, plus range reductions to allow for gravity and wind resistance. This calculation originally came from a pre-war Krupp calculation which has been modified, and seems to fit the actual test results.

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