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Italy
Carro Armato M11/39 Medium Tank

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The Carro Armato M11/39 Medium Tank was designed in 1937 and was in use from 1939 to 1944.

Photo of Carro Armato M11/39 Medium Tank

General Details
Specifications
Operational Date(s)1939 - 1944
Quantity Produced100
Weight11.1 tonne
Crew3
M.G's small2
M.G's large(>10mm)n/a
Length4.77 mtr
Width2.18 mtr
Height2.26 mtr
Engine Details/Performance
Max Road Speed21 mph
Max Cross Country Speed11 mph
Range Road0 miles
Range Cross Countryunknown
Fuel TypeDiesel
Fuel Capacity125 gal
Horse Power105 hp
Power/Weight9 hp/tonne
General Information
The Carro Armato M11/39 Medium Tank was designed in 1937 and was in use from 1939 to 1944.

The vehicle was powered by FIAT-SPA '8T V-8 diesel' diesel powerplant producing 105 HP which could drive the vehicle on roads at up to 21 mph with a range of about 0 miles before refuelling. Its cross country performance was good providing a max speed of about 11 mph and a range of about 0 miles.

It was armed with 2 light machine guns which were Breda Modello 38s. Its main armament consisted of an Cannone contracarro da 37/32 which could penetrate 48 mm of flat plate at 100 metres


The vehicle was powered by a Fiat diesel engine of 105hp the front drive sprockets took the track under eight road wheels on two bogies, round the rear idler and back via three return rollers.

The 37mm gun was hull mounted with the turret holding the twin machine guns, but this design was shown to be less effective than a turret mounted main armament.

Armour Details
Turret
Front30mm@10°(30mm)
Side15mm@10°(15mm)
Rear15mm@10°(15mm)
Top6mm@90°(6mm)
Superstructure
Front30mm@10°(30mm)
Side15mm@(15mm)
Rear15mm@(15mm)
Top6mm@85°(6mm)
Hull
Front30mm@(30mm)
Side15mm@(15mm)
Rear15mm@(15mm)
Top6mm@85°(6mm)
Armour (x)mm @ (y)° (Effective mm @ 0°)
Effective Armour - Maximum 30 mm - Minimum 6 mm



Weapon Details
Flag
Breda Modello 38 Blank
History
The Breda model 38 was the Italian army standard vehicle mounted machine gun.
ManufacturerBreda Meccanica Bresciana
Manufactured1937 - 1943
Calibre7.92mm
LengthL/98
Rate of Fire200 rpm
 
Ammunition Details
Name/Id Calibre Weight MVelocity Explosive Content
7.92×57mm Mauser(AP)
7.92mm 0.012Kg 910M/Sec
Quoted Penetration 8mm @ 100mtr/30° ( ≈ 9mm/0°)
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.17
Penetration(mm@30°) 6
Penetration(mm@0°) 7
Hit Probability(%) 98


Weapon Details
Flag
Cannone contracarro da 37/32 Blank
History
This was the Austrian Bohler 47mm Gun.
Calibre37mm
Rate of Fire10 rpm
 
Ammunition Details
Name/Id Calibre Weight MVelocity Explosive Content
AP(AP)
37mm 0.68Kg 762M/Sec
Quoted Penetration 38mm @ 365mtr/0° ( ≈ 38mm/0°)
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.13 0.28 0.59 1.34 2.33 3.7 5.71 8.97
Penetration(mm@30°) 41 38 32 25 20 15 11 6
Penetration(mm@0°) 48 44 38 30 24 18 13 8
Hit Probability(%) 98 98 98 90 54 22 3 1

Hit probability is based on a static 2 x 2.4 metre panel at 0 degrees(vertical) at the range specified.

The data that has been used to create these records has come from Wikipedia, The Lone Sentry, The Bundes Archive and numerous books and websites that have provided the detailed information that has not been available anywhere else. The information we use to calculate the penetration tables, flight times and the hit probability comes from the Gun Calibre, the Shell Mass(Kg) and the muzzle velocity, plus range reductions to allow for gravity and wind resistance. This calculation originally came from a pre-war Krupp calculation which has been modified, and seems to fit the actual test results.

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