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United States
Light Tank M5 (Stuart VI) (Stuart VI)

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The Light Tank M5 (Stuart VI) was designed in 1942 based on the existing fully tracked Light Tank and was in use from 1942 to 1990.

Flag of World War 2 United States
Photo of Light Tank M5 (Stuart VI) (Stuart VI)
Light Tank M5 (Stuart VI)(Stuart VI) scale illustration

General Details
Specifications
Operational Date(s)1942 - 1990
Quantity Produced2075
Weight15 tonne
Crew4
M.G's small3
M.G's large(>10mm)n/a
Length4.38 mtr
Width2.26 mtr
Height2.31 mtr
Engine Details/Performance
Max Road Speed40 mph
Max Cross Country Speed24 mph
Range Road100 miles
Range Cross Country40 miles
Fuel TypePetrol
Fuel Capacity89 gal
Horse Power220 hp
Power/Weight14 hp/tonne
General Information
The Light Tank M5 (Stuart VI) was designed in 1942 based on the existing fully tracked Light Tank and was in use from 1942 to 1990.

The vehicle was powered by Cadillac 'Series 42' petrol powerplant producing 220 HP which could drive the vehicle on roads at up to 40 mph with a range of about 100 miles before refuelling. Its cross country performance was good providing a max speed of about 24 mph and a range of about 40 miles.

It was armed with 3 light machine guns which were 0.3 inch Browning Machine Gun M1919A4s. Its main armament consisted of a 37mm Antitank Gun M6 which could penetrate 45 mm of flat plate at 800 metres

The Light tank M3 Stuart VI was a tank based on the M2A4 with the 37mm anti tank gun having a gyrostabiliser.

The power was provided by twin Cadillac 121hp petrol engines, driving through the front drive wheel, then via 2 pairs of road wheels to a rear idler then back over 3 return rollers.

This model was all welded for better protection .

Armour Details
Turret
Front51mm@(51mm)
Side32mm@(32mm)
Rear32mm@(32mm)
Top10mm@90°(10mm)
Superstructure
Front57mm@45°(81mm)
Side28mm@(28mm)
Rear28mm@(28mm)
Top9mm@90°(9mm)
Hull
Front57mm@45°(81mm)
Side28mm@(28mm)
Rear28mm@(28mm)
Top9mm@90°(9mm)
Armour (x)mm @ (y)° (Effective mm @ 0°)
Effective Armour - Maximum 81 mm - Minimum 9 mm



Weapon Details
Flag
0.3 inch Browning Machine Gun M1919A4
(Machine Gun) x 3
Blank
Calibre7.60mm
Rate of Fire480 rpm
Number of Rounds 6750
 
 
Ammunition Details
Name/Id Calibre Weight MVelocity Explosive Content
No ammunition details available
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs)
Penetration(mm@30°) 0
Penetration(mm@0°)
Hit Probability(%)


Weapon Details
Flag
37mm Antitank Gun M6
(Anti Tank Gun)
Blank
History
This was the Tank mounted version of the 37mm M3
ManufacturerWatervliet Arsenal
Calibre37mm
Number of Rounds 147
 
 
Ammunition Details
Name/Id Calibre Weight MVelocity Explosive Content
AP M74 Shot
(AP Armor Piercing)
37mm 0.86Kg 885M/Sec
Quoted Penetration 36mm @ 500mtr/0°
Range(Mtr)1002004008001200160020002400
Flight Time(Secs) 0.12 0.24 0.51 1.15 2.01 3.19 4.93 7.73
Penetration(mm@30°) 61 55 48 38 30 22 16 10
Penetration(mm@0°) 71 64 56 45 35 26 19 12
Hit Probability(%) 98 98 98 96 64 25 8 2



HE M63 Shell
(HE High Explosive)
37mm 0.73Kg 792M/Sec 0.039Kg explosive
Maximum Range 3000 Mtr
Range(Mtr)10002000300040005000600070008000
Flight Time(Secs) 1.73 5.51 20.09
Burst radius Infantry in open 99% kill0 mtr Burst radius Infantry in open 66% kill1 mtr
Burst radius Infantry in open 33% kill3 mtr  Armour Penetration inc roof at 1 mtr0 mm
An explosion within 1 mtr of infantry in the open will cause > 66% casualties and could damage some AFV's.
An explosion within 3 mtr of infantry in the open will cause 33% casualties.
The blast effect of this shell exploding within 1 mtr of an armoured vehicle will not cause any significant armour damage.

Hit probability is based on a static 2 x 2.4 metre panel at 0 degrees(vertical) at the range specified.

The data that has been used to create these records has come from Wikipedia, The Lone Sentry, The Bundes Archive and numerous books and websites that have provided the detailed information that has not been available anywhere else. The information we use to calculate the penetration tables, flight times and the hit probability comes from the Gun Calibre, the Shell Mass(Kg) and the muzzle velocity, plus range reductions to allow for gravity and wind resistance. This calculation originally came from a pre-war Krupp calculation which has been modified, and seems to fit the actual test results.

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